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What is the difference between Business model and strategy?

So when I help companies to adapt their business models to the current environment, as when I teach the subject of creating a Strategic Plan for the Internet, I realize that my interlocutors confuse these two terms: Business Model and Strategy. Also they confuse strategy with tactics ... but clarify these last two terms in another article. In this we are going to focus on What is the difference between business model and strategy? With these two clear concepts in mind, we can advance the conversion of our existing business more easily.

To go straight to the point and if you do not want to read the whole article, succinctly, "Business Model" refers to the logic of a company, how it operates and how it creates value for its shareholders. Instead, "Strategy" is the choice of business model with which the company will compete in their market. That is, the business model you use depends on the strategy you wish to make.

We will now develop a little more two concepts to fit you clearer:

What is a business model?

The origin of the term "business model" is found in Peter Druker in the 80s, but the term has evolved a lot the last 20 years with the emergence of internet and the need to adapt to this new business environment. An updated definition is:

"Business Model is the representation of architecture value of a business that shows how a company or organization can offer a value proposition to certain market segments, how to define the structure of the value chain is needed to provide this proposal and how it defines mechanisms capture the value that the company or organization will use to generate revenue. "

For if you do not clear:

The functions of a business model are:

  • Articulate the value proposition of the company. So, define what makes you unique offer.
  • Identify market segments that the company wants to attack.
  • Define the structure of the internal value chain that will need to deliver the value proposition and estimate the cost of maintaining the structure. That is, and with plain words, you need to deliver your value proposition and how much it will cost.
  • Define the architecture capture value and estimate the benefits you get when you capture the value. So, how do you get income and what will be.
  • What is your position on competition.

From my point of view, the best way to represent a business model is a Canvas (foot attached and link to the article picture). Although part of the competition is a little lame on Canvas and better treat a part (link at the bottom of the article on how to analyze competitors).

Business model

What is a strategy?

It is creating a plan that will take you to achieve your goals. No es el plan, son las decisiones que deberás tomar para crear el plan. Estas decisiones también incluyen en plan de contingencia, es decir, qué harás en caso de que tu competencia haga algo o algo cambie. El modelo de negocio forma parte de ese plan. O sea, primero decides cuál será tu estrategia y luego eliges el modelo de negocio que más te conviene. Lo que pasa es que muchas veces es más fácil decidir cuál será tu estrategia cuando pones sobre un papel los diferentes modelos de negocio que puedes elegir, de ahí la confusión. También ocurre que a veces, las pequeñas empresas tienen modelo de negocio, pero no siguen ninguna estrategia (esto es malo, obviamente… pero así es la realidad).

I hope I've been helpful and you now have clearer What is the difference between Business Model and Strategy.

You will find more information on these links:

  • Evolution of Business Model definitions and components that form in this article Zott, Amit and Massa: What is a business model
  • My model of how to analyze competitors on the Internet: How to analyze competitors
  • On business models and how to use them to beat your competition in this article Ramon Casadesus and Joan Ricard: business models to compete
  • Link you will find a video explaining how to use a Business Model Canvas and a form for you to download it for free the official version of the model: Business Model Canvas

If you need personalized help to adapt your business model to strategy you decide, do not hesitate to contact me.

We talk to each other.

A hug.

Have they changed the types of online business model?

Adaptation of the business model of a company over time is a key to the survival of the company factor, medium and long term. But the types of business model Internet have changed since 1992 when the first website was created to this day?

Types of business modelEverything depends on classification we use.

With an overall ranking as the "4C" Wirtz, Schilke and Ullrich (2010) (the image along these lines) observed that typologies have not changed. Businesses that were created in the late 90s and businesses created in 2018, can be classified into one of four types:

  1. Oriented business creation / selection / compilation of content (online news, blogs, youtubers, etc.)
  2. E-commerce oriented businesses close transaction whether or not (Amazon, eBay and any online store)
  3. designed to give context to information business (this is the case of Google, for example)
  4. Business oriented to provide networking services (Facebook, Linkedin, etc.).

Although there are some whose model is hybrid, such as Youtube, which in turn gives context to content, but also includes social networking features. The same could be said of Instagram if we consider more than just a social network.

On the other hand, returning to the beginning of this article, lyou must continue to adapt its business model as time passes, este es el caso por ejemplo de Amazon, que empezó en 1994 como tienda online de libros, poco a poco fue incorporando su comunidad de lectores que enriquecían las fichas de los libros, luego pasó a comercio electrónico de todo tipo de producto y finalmente combina su comercio electrónico con un marketplace. Utilizando el modelo de las “4C” parece cómo si no hubiese cambiado, pero lo cierto es que dentro de lo que los autores del “4C” consideran comercio electrónico, hay todo un mundo de subtipos de modelo de negocio… pero profundizar en este tema lo dejaremos para otro artículo.

In case you are interested in topics of the archetypes of business models, I'll leave this table under these lines is what I use in class when I explain the model of the "4C" and key success factors of each type, so as the different sources of income that can use such businesses. (Yes, it's in English ... but this class impart English).

Types of business model

I hope the information is useful to you.

Here you find the article that the authors of "4C" explain their model: “4c” Business Model Archetypes

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Kisses.